2004年10月自考英语二00015真题及答案

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2004年10月自考英语二00015真题及答案

2004年下半年高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试

英语()   试卷

(课程代码00l5)

PART ONE (50 POINTS)

IVocabulary and structure  (10 pointsl point for each item)

  从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。

1Under no circumstances___betray our friends for personal benefit

  Adid we    Bwe should    Cshould we    Dwe could

2It is said that no city___New York attracts so many people of different

    cultures

    Aother than    Bbetter than

    Cmore than    Drather than

3With such a poor score in the entrance examits___impossible for him t0

    be admitted to this university

    Aroughly    Babsolutely

    Cfully      Dexclusively

 4.  A formal dress is___to a casual one for such an occasion

    Asuitable       Bfavorable

    Cfashionable    Dpreferable

 5The book is reserved to___comes first

    Awhoever      Bwhomever    Cwhom    Dwho

 6They all voted for him in the election,___ was t0 be expected

    Awhat    Bso    Cas    Dthat

 7How is it——your answer on the paper is almost the same as his?

    Awhat    Bif    Cthat    Dso

 8On hearing the news, he felt a wave of anger___within him

    A.  arising    B.  rising    C.  arousing    D.  raising

 9I often dream of Paris but Ive never been thereIts me place___.

    A.  where I d like to visit    B.  that 1 want to visit it most

Cin which I d like to visit    D.  I most want to visit

10Practicing improperlyyou are likely to___some bad habits

    Apick up    Bkeep up    Cdraw up    Dcatch up

II.  Cloze Test(10 pointsl point for each item)

下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并

在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。

       Increasingly, over the past ten yearspeopleespecially young peoplehave become aware of the need to change their eating habitsbecause much of the food they eat ,particularly processed foodis not good for the health._11__,there has been a growing interest in natural foodsfoods which do not contain additives(添加物)and which have not been_12__by chemical fertilizers(肥料)

       Natural foods are vegetablesfruit and grain which have been grown in__13_that is rich in organic(有机的)matter.__14_simple termsthis means that the soil has been  _15__ by unused vegetable matter, which provides it with vitamins and mineralsThis in itself is a natural process compared with the use of chemicals and fertilizersthe main purpose of _16__is to increase the amountbut not the_17__—of foods grown in commercial farming areasNatural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move_18__in healthy pastures(牧草场)Compare this with what happens in the mass production of poultrythere are battery farmsfor examplewhere thousands of   chickens live crowded together in one building and are fed on food which is_19__better than rubbishChickens raised this way are_20__as foodand their eggs lack important vitamins

11AAccidentally    BConsequently

    CSubsequently    DConclusively

 12Aeffected    Binterfered    Cdisturbed    Daffected

 13Asoil    Bearth    Cfield    D1and

 14AIn    BBy    CFor    DOn

 15Aflourished    Bnourished    Cfurnished    Denriched

 16Awhich    Bit    Cthat    Dthis

 17Aquantity    Bquality    Csupply    Ddemand

 l 8Acasually    Boccasionally    Cfreely    Drandomly

 19Amuch    Bfar    Ceven    D1ittle

 20Anutrient    Babundant    Ctasteless    Dvalueless

. Reading Comprehension (30 points,2 points for each item)

从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。

Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage

      Today people all over the world are beginning to hear and learn more and more about the problem of pollutionPollution is caused either by mans release of completely new and often artificial substances into the environment, or by releasing greatly increased amounts of natural substancesuch as oil from oil tankers into the sea

      The whole industrial processwhich makes many of the goods and machines we need and use in our daily life, is bound to create a number of waste products which upset the ecological balanceMany of those waste products can be disposed of sensibly, but when more new goods are producedthere will be new, dangerous wastes to be disposed ofMany peoplethereforesee pollution as only part of the larger and more complex problemthe whole process of industrial production and consumption of goodsOthers again see the problem mainly in connection with agriculturewhere new methods make farmers grow more on their land to feed populationHoweverthe land itself is gradually becoming worn out as it is be-mg usedChemical mixture cannot restore the balance

      Whatever its underlying causesthere is no doubt that much of the pollution problem could be controlled if only everyone would make more effortIn the home there is an obvious need to control little and wasteFood comes wrapped up three or four times in packages that all have to be disposed ofdrinks are increasingly sold in bottles or tins which cannot be reusedThis not only causes a litter problembut also is a great waste of resourcesAdvertising has helped this process by persuading many of us not only to buy things we neither want nor need but to throw away much of what we do buySo we call solve pollution problems by  cutting out excess consumptionunnecessary buy and so on

21When we say that people are beginning to hear and learn more and more about

    The problem of pollutionwe mean that___.

    Athis problem is becoming the center of public concern

    Bpeople are using products largely made of new and often artificial substances

    Cthe media is paying more and more attention to this problem

    Dpeople are being better educated about the problem of pollution

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